Ethics is the field of zoology. It was founded in the early 20th century when European zoologists began studying animals in their natural habitats. Conceptually and methodologically, ethics is close to comparative psychology. We describe in this article what ethicists are and why you look.
What Ethicists Study
The first ethicists set themselves a straightforward goal – to study behavior adaptation in different species. Most of these studies focused solely on the external activity of behavior and pointed out the similarities and differences in the conduct of animals of other species in the same family. After World War II, ethics changed. Ethicists began to study animals based on physiological aspects of behavior and tried to explain the evolution of the results of their research.
Modern ethicists conduct diverse research in behavioral models, homogeneous behavior, lettering, individual and human behavior within the same species, ontology and by-products of individual behaviors, and cognitive and comparative ethics.
It is a primary method used in modern ethical research. Regardless of the type of study, each scientific project begins with developing a code of conduct. Echogram is a list of characteristic behavioral patterns of a particular species, a list of posture, facial expressions and gestures when it comes to mammals.
Develops a theory
A scientist-ethicist develops a behavior theory based on a code of ethics, making several hypotheses that explain a particular behavioral pattern, its origin, purpose, and evolution, and species changes within one tribe or family. The scientist also tries to identify and explain how a specific behavior pattern helps the species survive and how it increases its competitiveness in natural selection.
After the observation stage, the collection of original data and the hypothesis, ethicists carry out a series of experiments designed to confirm or disprove their theories or assist in deciding on additional research.
Formation and direction
One of the fundamental concepts of ethics is homogeneous behavior. We are talking about similar behavioral patterns found in closely related species descended from a common ancestor. Consistent or species-specific behavior helps ethicists explain the formation and direction of evolution of a particular sequence of actions in individual species.
Many ethicists specialize in cognitive and comparative studies. Mental ethics is defined as the interdisciplinary field of study of classical ethics and comparative psychology. Cognitive ethicists study the cognitive processes that determine animal behavior. Cognitive ethicists proved that primates, like humans, have rational thinking, can plan their behavior, and expect certain behaviors from other species members.